Metode Memperoleh Ilmu Huduri Menurut Mulla Sadra

Fathul Mufid

Abstract


Epistemological discourse of ilmu h}ud}u>ri> (knowledge by pres­ence), according to the history of Islamic thought, has emerged in the Is­lamic world before Mulla> S}adra>, particularly among Muslim Peripatetic in one side, with Illumination philosophers, ‘irfa>ni>’thought, and sufi phi­losophers in other side. These paradigm differences, according to the his­tory, create differences in epistemological concept of ilmu h}ud}u>ri> which ends on truth claim, and affect on continued polemics. Mulla> S}adra> in his intellectual career has encountered this kind of epistemological polemics. This research aims to describe Mulla> S}adra>’s frame of epistemological thought of ilmu h}ud}u>ri> in the midst of the epistemological polemics. The findings are, that Mulla> S}adra>’s typology of philosophical thought on ilmu h}ud}u>ri> is h}ikmah, that is an association between rational and mystical vi­sion, which then is in harmonic with syariah.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21154/al-tahrir.v12i2.58

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