Al-Tahrir: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><span style="font-family: Calibri,sans-serif;"><em><span style="font-size: 11.5pt;"><span style="background-color: white;"><span style="font-family: 'latoregular',serif;"><span style="color: #333333;">Al-Tahrir: Jurnal Pemikiran Islam</span></span></span></span></em><span style="font-size: 11.5pt;"><span style="background-color: white;"><span style="font-family: 'latoregular',serif;"><span style="color: #333333;"> is published by IAIN Ponorogo twice a year in May and November on the development of Islamic thought and have accredited Sinta 2 based on decree of Direktur Jenderal Penguatan Riset Dan Pengembangan Kementerian Riset, Teknologi, Dan Pendidikan Tinggi Republik Indonesia Number:&nbsp;34/E/Kpt/2018,&nbsp; Date 10 December 2018.</span></span></span></span></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em><span style="font-size: 11.5pt;"><span style="font-family: 'latoregular',serif;"><span style="color: #333333;">Al-Tahrir</span></span></span></em><span style="font-size: 11.5pt;"><span style="font-family: 'latoregular',serif;"><span style="color: #333333;"> aims to promote scientific publication on Islam and Muslim culture in its broadest sense covering textual, historical and empirical aspects, both classical/medieval, modern and contemporary periods in the Islamic World and beyond. This journal encompasses original research articles based on library and/or empirical research in the field of Islamic studies especially on, but not limited to, eight&nbsp;main topics: (1) the Qur’an and hadith (2) Islamic Law (3) Islamic Theology (<em>Kalam</em>) (4) Islamic Philosophy (5) Islamic Mysticism (<em>Tasawwuf</em>) (6) Islamic Education (7) Islamic Communication and Propogation (<em>Dakwa</em>) (8) Islamic Politics and (9) Islamic Economics. It encourages articles that employ a multi-disciplinary approach to those topics. Scholars from any countries and region that are concerned with Islam and its manifestation throughout Muslim history and geography in the Islamic World and beyond can submit their article to <em>Al-Tahrir</em> and use this open access journal.&nbsp;Novelty and recency of issues, however, are the priority in publishing.</span></span></span></p> <p>P-ISSN: <a href=";1180428957&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1412-7512</a></p> <p>E-ISSN: <a href=";1429156256&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2502-2210</a></p> en-US <p>Please find the rights and licenses in Al-Tahrir. By submitting the article/manuscript of the article, the author(s) agree with this policy. No specific document sign-off is required.</p><p>1. License</p><p>The non-commercial use of the article will be governed by the Creative Commons Attribution license as currently displayed on <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License</a>. </p><p>2. Author(s)' Warranties</p><p>The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author(s), has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).</p><p>3. User/Public Rights</p><p>Al-Tahrir's spirit is to disseminate articles published are as free as possible. Under the <a href="">Creative Commons license,</a> Al-Tahrir permits users to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work for non-commercial purposes only. Users will also need to attribute authors and Al-Tahrir on distributing works in the journal and other media of publications. Unless otherwise stated, the authors are public entities as soon as their articles got published. </p><p>4. Rights of Authors</p><p>Authors retain all their rights to the published works, such as (but not limited to) the following rights;</p><ul><li>Copyright and other proprietary rights relating to the article, such as patent rights,</li><li>The right to use the substance of the article in own future works, including lectures and books,</li><li>The right to reproduce the article for own purposes,</li><li>The right to self-archive the article,</li><li>The right to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the article's published version (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal (Al-Tahrir).</li></ul><p>5. Co-Authorship</p><p>If the article was jointly prepared by more than one author, any authors submitting the manuscript warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to be agreed on this copyright and license notice (agreement) on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this policy. Al-Tahrir will not be held liable for anything that may arise due to the author(s) internal dispute. Al-Tahrir will only communicate with the corresponding author.</p><p>6. Royalties</p><p>Being an open accessed journal and disseminating articles for free under the Creative Commons license term mentioned, author(s) aware that Al-Tahrir entitles the author(s) to no royalties or other fees. </p><p>7. Miscellaneous</p><p>Al-Tahrir will publish the article (or have it published) in the journal if the article’s editorial process is successfully completed. Al-Tahrir's editors may modify the article to a style of punctuation, spelling, capitalization, referencing and usage that deems appropriate. The author acknowledges that the article may be published so that it will be publicly accessible and such access will be free of charge for the readers as mentioned in point 3.</p> (M. Harir Muzakki, MHI) (Khoirul Fathoni,S.Th.I, M.E) Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:54:54 +0700 OJS 60 GENEALOGY OF WASAṬIYYA WITHIN INDONESIAN SOCIETY: The Influence of Sufism in Indonesian Archipelago <p><em>This article examines the genealogy of wasaṭiyya Islam in Indonesia. Historical processes of Islamization in the pre-Indonesia context have influenced how the Muslim majority of Indonesia demonstrates its moderate expression from historical periods to contemporary situations. The establishment of the Indonesian state has the heredity derivation from the past Islamization. The role of Sufism in the processes of Islamization is addressed here. Ash’arism or Aswaja paved the theological way for wasaṭiyya by choosing a position of moderation between rationalist and conservative extremist schools of thought. On a deeper level, this article concludes that the Sufi foundations of the early Islamization period are essential for establishing wasaṭiyya in Indonesia. When Pancasila, as the nation-state philosophy, incorporates cultural elements acknowledged by Muslim Ulama, it is evident that any attempt to undermine or pervert wasaṭiyya Islam in Indonesia will finally fail. This research applied qualitative methodology with an exploratory research design. The data were collected using literature studies from books, journals, and related articles. </em></p> Musa Alkadzim, Naura Safira Salsabila Zain, Muhammad Ulil Abshor Copyright (c) 2023 Musa Alkadzim, Naura Safira Salsabila Zain, Muhammad Ulil Abshor Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Religious Moderation of Millennial Generation at Islamic Higher Education in Eastern Indonesia <p><em>This research examines the religious moderation of the millennial generation in Islamic Higher Education in Eastern Indonesia and identifies the most dominant factors contributing to religious moderation. <em>Cross-Sectional Study</em> (CSS) method measures religious moderation through four pillars at the same time: national commitment, religious tolerance, conflict avoidance (non-violence) and accommodation of local culture. The respondents of this research are millennial generations studying at the Islamic Higher Education in Eastern Indonesia. This research used the Consecutive Sampling with a total sample of 592 people. The research results show that religious moderation among millennial students in Eastern Indonesia is categorized as low concerning national commitment, religious tolerance, avoiding conflict (non-violence), and accommodation of local culture. The most dominant factors influencing the religious moderation of the millennial generation are social media and religious extra-campus curriculum. </em></p> Barsihannor Zuhri, Gustia Tahir, Arbianingsih Arbianingsih, Aksa Aksa Copyright (c) 2023 Barsihannor Zuhri, Gustia Tahir, Arbianingsih Arbianingsih, Aksa Aksa Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 UNVEILING THE ESSENCE OF EUROPEAN ISLAM: A Critical Analysis of Abdennour Bidar's Concepts of Self Islam and Islamic Existentialism <p><em>This article discusses the challenges of European Islam at the intersection of Islamic traditions and modern liberal democratic values and the urgency of bridging the two. European Islam is looking for a common ground that can combine reason and faith in harmony, integrate the values of modernity with the spiritual view of Islam, and identify the challenges and opportunities faced by European Islam in the context of Western liberal society. Bidar, in his contribution to the concept of European Islam, argues that religion is not only about rituals but also about profound spiritual experiences. He proposed the concept of Self Islam, which emphasizes individual freedom, personal responsibility, and spiritual connection with Allah. According to Bidar, individual freedom is the key to spiritual life. In addition, everyone can choose how to practice religion according to his spiritual needs. Bidar proposed Islamic reform, oriented towards the unification of religions and modernity, by prioritizing humanist values and human rights and reforming Islam in the light of modernity. According to him, humans become God's autonomous vicegerent on earth and have the right to manage it freely but responsibly. In addition, in harmony with Kantian, Bidar believes that human immortality can be achieved through piety and good deeds. According to him, humans become God's autonomous vicegerent on earth and have the right to manage it freely but responsibly. In addition, in harmony with Kantian, Bidar believes that human immortality can be achieved through piety and good deeds. According to him, humans become God's autonomous vicegerent on earth and have the right to manage it freely but responsibly. In addition, in harmony with Kantian, Bidar believes that human immortality can be achieved through piety and good deeds.</em></p> Agus Riwanda, Abd A’la Copyright (c) 2023 Agus Riwanda, Abd A’la Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 REPRESENTATION AND CAPABILITIES OF NON-MUSLIM CHINESE WOMEN AS REGIONAL HEADS IN SINGKAWANG CITY: A Siyasah Dusturiyyah Analysis <em>The phenomenon of non-Muslim Chinese women being elected as regional leaders in Indonesia is considered unusual, especially when elected amid a predominantly Muslim population and the strengthening of Islamist movements in national politics. This article, therefore, analyses the representation and capabilities of non-Muslim Chinese women as regional heads in Singkawang City, Indonesia, from 2017 to 2022. In the Indonesian context, we refer to this case as a “triple minority.” The research used a socio-legal approach involving data condensation, data display, and conclusion/verification stages. The findings of this study indicate that the representation and capabilities of non-Muslim Chinese women as regional heads in Singkawang City from 2017 to 2022 align with the principles of constitutional politics (siyasah dusturiyah) and Indonesian laws. Non-Muslim Chinese women elected as regional heads of Singkawang City, despite being in a Muslim-majority environment, have succeeded in making Singkawang City the top-ranked Tolerant City in Indonesia.</em> Ali Akhbar Abaib Mas Rabbani Lubis, Abdur Rozaki, Khoiruddin Khoiruddin Copyright (c) 2023 Ali Akhbar Abaib Mas Rabbani Lubis Wed, 22 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Polarization of Bondowoso Hadhramis and Their Intra-Ethnic Relations <p>This article examines polarization within the Hadhrami Arab population in Bondowoso, East Java, especially in light of the rise of the 212 movement and the presidential election in 2019. During this time, the national political climate has become more tense. The issue of religion, which is drawn to political contestation, creates polarization among Muslims, including Arab Muslims. In Bondowoso, the polarization aligns with the different religious understanding backgrounds such as Sunni and Shi’a. Nevertheless, polarization does not lead to social conflicts between them. Departing from this description, this study then focuses on two things. First, it seeks to reveal the views of Hadhrami Arabs on several national issues based on their respective religious backgrounds. Second, this study also reveals Arab intra-ethnic relations with different positions in addressing national issues. This research applied qualitative research with a case study approach to examine this focus. The study found that Arab perceptions of national issues varied according to their religious background. These perceptions correspond to their respective religious understanding. Second, although they differ in political and religious positions, the internal relations among Bondowoso Arabs are running normally without falling into violent conflict. </p> Moh Syaeful Bahar, Ahmad Khubby Ali, Dodik Harnadi Copyright (c) 2023 Moh Syaeful Bahar, Ahmad Khubby Ali Rohmad, Dodik Harnadi Harnadi Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 THE DECLINING ASWAJA THEOLOGY KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION: A Case Study of al-Jam’iyatul Washliyah in Medan City <p>Al-Jam’iyatul Washliyah (AW) and Aswaja theology are covered in this article. As a religious institution, AW acknowledges Aswaja’s ideology as the foundation for its mission. To maintain and develop Aswaja theology, AW utilizes educational institutions and recitation of the kitab kuning (yellow book) as a knowledge production for Aswaja theology. A question concerning the state of educational institutions today and the recitation of the Yellow Book at AW in Medan City was posed in order to comprehend the information presented. A case study about AW in Medan City is the qualitative research methodology that is employed. In addition, leaders, religious authorities, educators, and AW-related documents make up the primary data source. According to his research, educational institutions that regularly support Aswaja books undergo internal changes and come to terms with the reality that teachers, or ustadh, are becoming less and less proficient in the classics. Additionally, a number of the study’s leaders—who were specialists in classic literature—passed away, which caused a setback to the kitab kuning study. Thus there was a downturn in the study of the kitab kuning. The results verify the weakening of the apparatus in AW that produces Aswaja theology.</p> Maulana Andi Surya Copyright (c) 2023 Maulana Andi Surya Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 CONSIDERING TOLERANCE EDUCATION BETWEEN RELIGIOUS SECTS: A Case Study of Sunni-Syi'ah Sects in Karang Gayam and Blu'uran Villages of Sampang <p><em>In Islamic character education, tolerance is one of the values that must be grown as a person's primary virtue or exemplary character. This study aims to determine (1) the concept of tolerance character formation, (2) the process of applying tolerance values, and (3) supporting and inhibiting factors in the formation of tolerance. The method used in this research is a qualitative approach with a case study type. The research results are (1) Forming a community devoted to Allah SWT. based on the al-Quran and Hadith of the Prophet Muhammad and reviving da'wah and ukhuwah Islamiyah in their friendship interactions. (2) Providing understanding through tausiyah or Islamic studies from mu'allim, attending and actively participating in recitation events. (3) The supporting factors are public awareness of religion, support from the local apparatus, and the charismatic kiai. At the same time, the inhibiting factors are the busyness of each resident's work and the fanaticism of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamaah sect</em><em>.</em></p> Wasik Wasik, Rahman Rahman, Syamzan Syukur, Moh. Mujibur Rohman Copyright (c) 2023 wasik was, Novana Yuliastika Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 FATWA SHEIKH AḤMAD KHAṬĪB AL-MINANGKABĀWĪ (DS 0003 00018): A Jāwī Ulama’s Response to the Heterodoxy of Sufism <p>This article discusses the fatwa of a <em>Jāwī </em>or Malay-Indonesian archipelago ulama who taught in Mecca in the early twentieth century, Sheikh Ahmad Khatib Minangkabau (1860-1916). He was issuing fatwa on heterodox sufism in the archipelago. His fatwa is written in a manuscript from Ogan Komering Ilir entitled <em>Fatwa Sheikh Aḥmad Khaṭīb al-Minangkabāwī </em>(DS 0003 00018). The manuscript has been digitized by DREAMSEA in 2019. This manuscript was probably written when he became a lecturer in Mecca between 1887-1914. It contains questions and answers about the existence of the name Muhammad and <em>rūḥ al-quds</em> (holy spirit) in the human heart that commands the body. Using a social history approach, this study shows that the <em>Fatwa</em> manuscript shows the response of <em>Jāwī</em> ulama who were increasingly influenced by the teachings of Islamic reformism. Ahmad Khatib stated that it was impossible for the spirit of Muhammad and <em>rūḥ al-quds</em> to exist in the body. For him, Muhammad is a human being and the holy spirit is Gabriel, an angel. He stated that whoever believes that both Muhammad and Gabriel are in his/her body is wrong and misguided, and if he/she believes that they are eternal, then he/she is a disbeliever. Ahmad Khatib’s fatwa indicate an attempt to purge the heterodoxy of sufism continually by <em>Sunnī</em> ulama in the early twentieth century.</p> Jajang A Rohmana Copyright (c) 2023 Jajang A Rohmana Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 IDEOLOGIZATION OF MBRAKAH IN MAINTAINING INDONESIA SUSTAINABLE FOOD SYSTEM: Extracting From Pesantren’s Values and Prophetic Tradition <span lang="EN-ID">Originally, <em>mbrakah</em> was a practice of food combining or food custom for spiritual purposes. The <em>mbrakah</em> tradition also can be categorized as 'food fashion.' In the global academic discourse, food culture and spirituality are important issues with strong traditional roots in Sufism and prophetic traditions, especially in Sufism. Particularly, <em>mbrakah</em> is even more unique because it is rooted in Sufism traditions and early Islamic norms and has been in dialogue with local wisdom, namely Indonesian Culture and, more specifically, <em>Pesantren</em> culture. One of the oldest Islamic educational institutions in Indonesia. In this article, We conceptualize that the <em>mbrakah</em> tradition does not merely stop as a food-combining tradition only carried out for personal interests. Based on the literature review, we argue that <em>mbrakah</em> can be transformed from theology to food ideology. Although the ideology referred to in the article is not an ideology in a complex sense, it can be a way of thinking and manifested into a movement and shared awareness about the importance of successful food diversification for food security during food problems in Indonesia. <em>Mbrakah</em> is a local culture and holds a religious dimension that many researchers consider, and it has the potential to be highly effective as a transformative movement. </span> Rizqa Ahmadi, Wildani Hefni Copyright (c) 2024 Rizqa Ahmadi, Wildani Hefni Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Religious Moderation in Constantinople in the Resolution of Political Conflicts in the 14th Century <p>The Islamic conquest of Constantinople in the 14th century is a captivating historical episode in history that continues to intrigue historians. It stands out due to the involvement of two major world religions - Islam and Christianity. Furthermore, this conquest marked the end of the Roman civilization. One notable aspect of this conquest was the harmonious relationship between Muslims and Christians, which persisted before and after the event. This study aims to explore the implementation of religious moderation in Constantinople to resolve political conflicts. Adopting a historical methodology, the research collects data through extensive documentation and literature studies, employing a socio-political approach. The findings highlight that religious moderation played a crucial role in conflict resolution during the 14th century in Constantinople. The concept of religious moderation was not only applied before the conquest, but also after it. Before the conquest, the value of moderation was demonstrated through peaceful negotiations between the Islamic kingdom and the Catholic prelate in Rome. Several treaties were agreed upon, emphasizing the importance of faith and peaceful dialogue over resorting to military confrontation. Following the conquest, Sultan Muhammad al-Fatih exemplified religious moderation by engaging in negotiations with the inhabitants of Hagia Sophia. They agreed an agreement allowing Christians to continue practicing their faith despite being under Islamic rule. Additionally, al-Fatih displayed respectful treatment towards the prelate and Christian warlords, further exemplifying the value of moderation. The findings of this study shed light on the significance of religious moderation in resolving conflicts and offer a fascinating insight into the history of Constantinople during this period</p> Muhimmatul Mukaromah, Lutfiana Dwi Mayasari, Shereeza Mohamed Saniff Copyright (c) 2023 Muhimmatul Mukaromah, Lutfiana Dwi Mayasari, Shereeza Mohamed Saniff Thu, 30 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0700