Urgensi Pengasuhan Di Masa Usia Dini Terhadap Kesehatan Mental Anak Perspektif Mazhab-Mazhab Konseling

Muhammad Ali(1*)

(1) IAIN Ponorogo
(*) Corresponding Author


A healthy mentality will produce productive humans. However, mental health does not stand alone, there are many factors that influence it, one of which is parenting at an early age. This study aims to explore the views of counseling schools in explaining the importance of parenting in achieving mental health. This research method uses literature review. The results of the study show that the three schools of counseling differ in understanding the terms mentally healthy and mentally disturbed and differ in terms of the causal factors. Even though they differ in several ways, they agree that early childhood care is important to shape their mental health in the next phases of development


mental health; early childhood; school of counseling

Full Text:



(DoH), Department of Health. “No Health without Mental Health: Outcomes Strategy for People of All Ages.” Department of Health, Her Majesty’s Government, 2011, 1–100.

Askew, Chris, Anna Hagel, and Julie Morgan. “Vicarious Learning of Children’s Social-Anxiety-Related Fear Beliefs and Emotional Stroop Bias.” Emotion 15, no. 4 (2015): 501–10. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000083.

Azman, Özge, Elvira Mauz, Matthias Reitzle, Raimund Geene, Heike Hölling, and Petra Rattay. “Associations between Parenting Style and Mental Health in Children and Adolescents Aged 11-17 Years: Results of the KiGGS Cohort Study (Second Follow-Up).” Children 8, no. 8 (2021). https://doi.org/10.3390/children8080672.

Baingana, Florence. “Mental Health and Conflict,” 2003. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/277785598.

Berlin, Heather A. “The Neural Basis of the Dynamic Unconscious.” Neuropsychoanalysis 13, no. 1 (2011): 5–31. https://doi.org/10.1080/15294145.2011.10773654.

Bhugra, Dinesh, Alex Till, and Norman Sartorius. “What Is Mental Health?” International Journal of Social Psychiatry 59, no. 1 (2013): 3–4. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020764012463315.

Bronsard, G., Alessandrini, M., Fond, G., Loundou, A., Auquier, P., Tordjman, S., & Boyer, L. “The Prevalence of Mental Disorders among Children and Adolescents in the Child Welfare System: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” Medicine, 7 (2016): 95.

Deghan Neery, Morteza, and Malikeh Beheshtifar. “The Role of Mental Health in Conflict Management.” Journal of Social Issues & Humanities 3, no. 10 (2015). https://www.researchgate.net/publication/281175393.

Detik.com. “Kesehatan Mental Remaja Indonesia,” 2022. https://www.detik.com/edu/detikpedia/d-6366220/studi-guru-besar-ugm-ungkap-1-dari-3-remaja-ri-punya-masalah-kesehatan-mental%0A.

Dogra, N. and Leighton, S. “Nursing in Child and Adolescent Mental Health.” Maidenhead: Open University Press., 2009.

Education, Continuiting Psychology. “Presented By.” Continuiting Psychology Education, no. 858 (2006).

Erskine, H E, A J Baxter, G Patton, T E Moffitt, V Patel, and H A Whiteford. “The Global Coverage of Prevalence Data for Mental Disorders in Children and Adolescents,” 2017, 395–402. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796015001158.

Fadlillah, M, Rochmat Wahab, Yulia Ayriza, and Setyabudi Indartono. “The Roles of Parenting Style towards Mental Health of Early Childhood The Roles of Parenting Style towards Mental Health of Early Childhood,” no. June (2020).

Gladding, Samue T. Konseling Profesi Yang Menyeluruh. 1st ed. Jakarta Bsrat: Indeks, 2012.

Ivanec, Tea Pavin. “The Lack of Academic Social Interactions and Students’ Learning Difficulties during COVID-19 Faculty Lockdowns in Croatia: The Mediating Role of the Perceived Sense of Life Disruption Caused by the Pandemic and the Adjustment to Online Studying.” Social Sciences 11, no. 2 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3390/socsci11020042.

Kaligid, Ma Theresa G, John Michael Sasan, and Mary Aianne Villegas. “The Deteriorating Effect of Poor Parental Skills on Children’s Education and Mental Health” 14, no. 1 (2022): 183–94. https://doi.org/10.37680/qalamuna.v14i1.1384.

Lawrence, Breanna C, Gina L Harrison, and Todd M Milford. “Effects of Positive Parenting on Mental Health in Adolescents with Learning Disabilities” 17, no. 2 (2019): 223–44.

Matliwala, Kirti. “The Effect of Psychological Counseling on Mental Health,” no. March (2017): 8–11. https://doi.org/10.15406/jpcpy.2017.07.00436.

McLeod, John. Pengantar Konseling: Teori Dan Studi Kasus. Jakarta: Kencana, 2006.

Nelson-Jones, Richard. Teori Dan Praktik Konseling Dan Terapi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2011.

Pistole, M Carole. “Mental Health Counseling : Identity and Distinctiveness,” 2001.

RI, Kemenkes. “Situasi Kesehatan Jiwa Di Indonesia.” https://pusdatin.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/infodatin/InfoDatin-Kesehatan-Jiwa.pdf, n.d.

Scholar, Marshall Digital, and John Ryan Simon. “The Relation Between Observations of Students with Behavioral Disorders and Academic Success,” 2015.

Scottish Qualifications Authority. “Unit Learning Support Material - National 4 and 5 - Influences on Mental Health and Wellbeing,” 2019, 1–44. https://www.sqa.org.uk/sqa/files_ccc/n4n5-influences-mental-health-wellbeing.pdf.

Taylor, Bridget A., and Jaime A. DeQuinzio. “Observational Learning and Children With Autism.” Behavior Modification 36, no. 3 (2012): 341–60. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145445512443981.

“The Mental Health Inventory (MHI-38).” https://idoc.pub/queue/mental-health-inventory-34m75e962m46, n.d. https://idoc.pub/queue/mental-health-inventory-34m75e962m46.

Tohidi, M. “Definition and Symptoms of Mental Health.” Mental Health Journal 42, Spring (2011).

Virasiri, Saovakon, Jintana Yunibhand, and Waraporn Chaiyawat. “Parenting : What Are The Critical Attributes ?,” no. May 2015 (2011).

Whitlock, Janis Leann. “Mental Illness and Mental Health in Adolescence,” no. January 2009 (2014).

WHO. “Improving the Mental and Brain Health of Children and Adolescents,” 2021. https://www.who.int/activities/Improving-the-mental-and-brain-health-of-children-and%02adolescent.

———. “WHO and ILO Call for New Measures to Tackle Mental Health Issues at Work,” 2022. https://www.who.int/news/item/28-09-2022-who-and-ilo-call-for-new-measures-to-tackle-mental-health-issues-at-work#:~:text=WHO’s World Mental Health Report%2C published in June,negatively affect mental health%2C including discrimination and inequality.

Zhao, Haochen. “The Effect of Parental Relationship on Children Psychological Growth” 582, no. Mmet (2021): 399–402.

Ziggi, Ivan Santini, Ai Koyanagi, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Catherine Mason, and Josep Maria Haro. “The Impact of Social Networks and Social Support on Mental Disorders and Mortality.” Journal of Affective Disorders 175 (2016): 53–65. https://findresearcher.sdu.dk:8443/ws/files/173392359/Ziggi_Santini_The_impact_of_social_networks_and_social_support_on_mental_disorders_and_mortality.pdf#page=22.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21154/wisdom.v4i1.5927


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Indexed by:



Diterbitkan oleh:

Pendidikan Islam Anak Usia Dini
Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Ilmu Keguruan
Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Ponorogo

Jalan Pramuka No. 156, Ponorogo, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
Po. Box. 116 Kodepos 63471
email: wisdom@iainponorogo.ac.id