Dialektika Poligami dengan Feminisme : Analisis Maqasid Syariah Terhadap Poligami Menurut Ulama Klasik dan Feminisme

Mohammad Lukman Chakim(1*), Muhammad Habib Adi Putra(2)
(1) Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri
(2) Institut Agama Islam Negeri Kediri
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.21154/syakhsiyyah.v4i1.4683

Abstract

The practice of polygamy was circulated long before the arrival of Islam. Polygamy is believed to have existed long before Islam came and was already practiced by humans around the world, they did it, and made it part of the dynamics of normal life. That being said, no civilization of that era was alien to polygamy. Studies of polygamy today are growing and crowded, where the classic opinion that is mostly pro-polygamy is widely protested by feminists. According to feminism, that polygamy should be tightened or precisely abolished. The pros and cons of polygamy with feminism are so extraordinary, in Indonesia this discourse can be seen in the CLD-KHI. For that the author makes the focus of the question a). how polygamy according to classical scholars and feminism and b). how is the sharia maqasid analysis of the dialectic of polygamy with feminism. This research was conducted using a literature research method  with primary sources in the form of books related to the views of classical scholars and feminism and supported by secondary sources that will be analyzed with a maqasid-based dialectic approach. Departing from the above, the author is interested in conducting research with the aim of providing a middle ground for the two camps, by providing dialectics, through sharia maqasid it is hoped that it will be able to provide concepts or rules about polygamy that represent the two camps, the view of classical ideas and the Marriage Law Number 1 of 1974 and the discourse of polygamy in the view of feminism.

Keywords


Dialectics, Polygamy, Feminism, Maqasid Sharia

References


Abdullah (ed), Taufiq. Ensiklopedi Tematis Dunia Islam. (Jakarta: PT. Ichtiar Baru van Hoeve, 1996).

Abidin, Slamet dan Aminuddin. Fiqih Munakahat 1. (Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 1999).

Al-Sha’buni, Ali. Tafsir Ayat Ahkam. (Bairut: Dar- al-Kutub, 2004).

Arikunto, Suharsimi. Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. (Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, Cet. XII, 2000).

Azra, Azumardi. Ensiklopedi Islam jilid 6. (Jakarta: Intermasa, 2005).

Dahlan,Abdul Azis. Ensiklopedi Hukum Islam. (Jakarta: PT. Ichtiar Baru van Hoeve, 1996).

Departemen Agama RI, al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnya, (Bandung: Gema Risalah Press, 1992).

Engineer, Asghar Ali. Pembebasan Perempuan. (Yogyakarta: LKIS, 2003).

Farhan, Arief. Pengantar Penelitian Dalam Pendidikan. (Surabaya: Usaha Nasional, 1982).

Fathurrahman, Imam. Saya Tidak Ingin Poligami Tapi Harus Poligami. (Jakarta: Mizan, 2007).

Husain, Musfir. Poligami dari Berbagai Persepsi. (Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 1996).

Ibrahim, Hoesen. Fikih Perbandingan dalam Masalah Nikah. (Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 1971).

Imam Malik, al-Muwatta’, Vol 1, (ttp: tnp,tt).

Imam Muslim, Sahih} Bukhari Juz 1. (Beirut: Da>r al-Kutub, 2005).

Imam Tirmidhi, Sunan Tirmidhi juz II. (Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1994).

Jawad, Haifaa A. Otentisitas Hak-Hak Perempuan. terj. Anni Hidayatun Noor dkk, (Jogjakarta: Fajar Pustaka, 2002).

Kuzari, Achmad. Nikah Sebagai Perikatan. (Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo, 1995).

Lembaga Survei Indonesia. Pandangan politik, Agama Kaum muda muslim Indonesia.

Muhajir, Noeng. Metodelogi Kualitatif. (Yogyakarta: Rakesarasin, 1989), 183.

Muhammad ibn Ali Ibn Muhammad al-Shawkani. Fath al-Qadir. (Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, tt).

Muhammad, Abu ‘Abdillah-ibn Ahmad al-Qurtuby. al-Jami’ li Ahkam al-Qur’an. (Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1999).

Mulia, Musda. Pandangan Islam tentang Poligami. (Jakarta: tp, 1999).

Mulia, Siti Musda. Islam Menggugat Poliogami. (Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka, 2007).

Nasution, Khairuddin. Riba dan Poligami. (Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1996).

Nasution, Muhammad Syukri Albani dan Nasution, Rahmat Hidayat. Filsafat Hukum Islam dan Maqashid Syariah (Jakarta: Kencana, 2020).

Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Depdikbud, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, cet ke-I, (Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 1994).

Rahman, Fazlur. Hermeneutika Al-Qur’an. (Yogyakarta: Jalasutra, 2007).

Rushd, Ibnu. Bidayah al-Mujtahid. Imam Ghazali Said (Jakarta: Pustaka Amani, 2007).

Sabiq, Sayid. Fiqih Sunnah oleh M. Thalib. (Bandung: Al-Ma’arif, 1990).

Shalahuddin, Henri. Al-Qura’an Dihujat. (Depok: Al-Qalam, 2007).

Soemiyati, Hukum Perkawinan Islam dan Undang-Undang Perkawinan, (Jakarta: Galia Indonesia, 1980).

Suprayogo, Imam dan Tobroni. Metodologi penelitian Sosial-Agama. (Bandung: Rosydakarya, 2001).

Undang-Undang Perkawinan di Indonesia, (Surabaya: Arkola, tt).

Zuhaili, Wahbah, Fiqih Islam wa Adillatuhu, Abdul Hayyie, dkk (Depok: Gema Insani, 2011 ).


Article Statistic

Abstract view : 97 times
PDF views : 93 times

How To Cite This :

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.