CITRA DIRI WANITA BERCADAR: ANALISIS FENOMENOLOGIS TERHADAP PANDANGAN WANITA BERCADAR TERHADAP DIRI DAN TERHADAP PANDANGAN ORANG LAIN TENTANG DIRINYA

Muhammad Ali(1*)

(1) IAIN PONOROGO
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract:

Self-image is the result of the process of forming the environment. Women who wear the veil (cadar) are considered to be oppressed, terrorists, or others stigma. Something important to do is to deeply understand what is inside these veiled women about themselves and what other people respond to about them. To find the answer, the study uses a qualitative approach with the phenomenological method. They obtain data using in-depth interview techniques, which are then analyzed using a four-step system Jonathan A. Smith. From the data collection, it was found that the respondents decided to use the veil based on their beliefs, family, and peers. However, the mixed views expressed by family and society were respondents expressed pride and happiness by wearing the veil

Keyword: self image, woman, cadar, phenomenology

Abstrak:

Citra diri merupakan hasil dari proses pembentukan lingkungan. Wanita yang menggunakan cadar oleh lingkungan disituasikan sebagai orang yang tertindas, teroris atau stigma lain. Sesuatu yang penting untuk dilakukan adalah memahami secara mendalam tentang apa yang ada dalam diri wanita bercadar ini tentang diri dan tentang apa yang direspon oleh orang lain tentang diri mereka. Untuk menemukan jawaban dari hal tersebut, maka penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode fenomenologi. Untuk mendapatkan data menggunakan teknik wawancara mendalam yang kemudian dianalisis menggunakan pendekatan empat langkah dari Jonathan A. Smith. Dari pengumpulan data ditemukan bahwa responden memutuskan menggunaan cadar berdasarkan atas panggilan keyakinan, keluarga, dan teman sebaya. Pandangan beragam yang diekspresikan oleh keluarga dan masyarakat, meskipun demikian, responden mengungkapkan kebanggaan dan kebahagiaan dengan mengenakan cadar.

Kata kunci: Citra diri, perempuan, cadar, fenomenologi


Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, Leila. 2006. Muslim Women and Other Misunderstandings: AA Interview

with Leila Ahmed.

speakingoffaith/20061207_muslim-women.mp3>, (26.11.2010).

Bbc.com. 2018. Kisah Perempuan Bercadar: Diteriaki Maling, Dilempari Botol, Hingga

Ditawari Pekerjaan.

Belgian Law Makers Pass Burka Ban. 2011. BBC. 30.04.2010.

co.uk/2/hi/ 8652861.stm>, (15.05.2011).

Berns, R.M. 2004. Child, Family, School, Community: Socialization and Support, Sixth

Edition. Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

Boris Johnson’s burka jibe. 2018. Why Do Some Muslim Women Wear the Veil?. BBC

News.

Detik.com. 2017. Ini Hal-Hal yang Hanya Dialami oleh Wanita Bercadar. diakses 28 Juli

French Senate votes... 2010. According to Different Sources there are about 3.705 Million

Muslims Living in France, Being Therefore the Largest Muslim Community in Europe.

the Niqab or Burqa is Worn by about 0.04-0.05 Percent of Them. the Proportion of

These Muslims That are Even Religious is Not Known.

Gulamhussein, Qurat-ul-ain dan Nicholas R. Eaton. 2015. Hijab, Religiosity, and

Psychological Wellbeing of Muslim Women in the United States. Journal of

Muslim Mental Health, Volume 9, Issue 2.

Hirschkind, Charles & Saba Mahmood. 2002. Feminism, the Taliban, and Politics of

Counter-Insurgency. Anthropological Quarterly, 2/2002, pp. 339-354.

Human Rights Watch. 2009. Discrimination in the Name of Neutrality.

hrw.org/en/node/80829>, (17.05.2011).

Janson, Eero. 2011. Stereotypes That Define “Us”: The Case of Muslim Women ENDC.

Proceedings, Volume 14.

Jasperse, M., Ward, C., & Jose, P. E. 2012. Identity, Perceived Religious Discrimination,

and PsychologicalWell-Being inMuslim ImmigrantWomen. Applied Psychology:

An International Review, 61, 250–271.

Jones, Richard Nelson. 2011. Teori dan Praktik Konseling dan Terapi. Terj. Helly Prajitno

Soetjipto dan Sri Mulyantini Soetjipto. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Kabir N A. 2010. Young British Muslims: Identity, Culture, Politics and the Media.

Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Khiabany G and Williamson M. 2008. Veiled Bodies – Naked Racism: Culture, Politics

and Race in The Sun. Race & Class 50(2): 69-88.

M.detik.com. 2018. Viralnya Pawai Anak TK Yang Bercadar dan Bersenjata di Probolinggo.

Diakses 28 Juli 2019.

M.republika.co.id. 2018. Polemik Cadar, IAIN Buki Tinggi: Kami Tidak Melarang. diakses 28

Juli 2019.

Markus, Andrew. 2014. Mapping Social Cohesion: The Scanlon Foundation Survey’s National

Report 2014. Victoria: Monash University. 56.

Mishra, Sanjeev Kumar. 2016. Self- Concept- A Person’s Concept of Self- Influence,

International. Journal of Recent Research Aspects ISSN: 2349-7688, Special Issue:

Conscientious and Unimpeachable Technologies 2016, pp. 8-13

Morey P and Yaqin A. 2011. Framing Muslims: Stereotyping and Representation after 9/11.

Cambridge. MA: Harvard University Press.

Observasi tanggal 1 Juli 2019 di Ma’had Darul Ihsan Madiun.

Piela, A. 2016. How Do MuslimWomenWhoWearthe Niqab Interact with Others Online?

A Case Study of a Profile on a Photo-Sharing Website. New Media & Society.

Postica, Doru & António Cardoso. 2015. The Connection Between Self-Image Congruence

and Brand Preference for Store Brands: A Study in Portugal. R. Bras. Planej. Desenv.,

Curitiba, v. 4, n. 1, p. 22-39,

Rajan, Rajeswari Sunder & Anuradha Dingwaney Needham (eds.). 2007. The Crisis of

Secularism in India. (Durham: Duke University Press. 2-3.

Rippy, Alyssa E. & Elana Newman. 2008. Copy on File With The Women’s Rights Project.

Unpublished raw data.

Smith,Jonathan A. 2009. Dasar-Dasar Psikologi Kualitatif: Pedoman Praktis Metode Penelitian,

Terj. M. Khozim. Bandung: Nusa Media.

Swami,V.,Miah,J.,Noorani,N.,&Taylor,D.2014.IsTheHijabProtective?Aninvestigation

of Body Image and Related Constructs Among British Muslim Women. British

Journal of Psychology, 105, 2014. 352–363. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12045

Tempo.CO. 2018. UIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogya Larang Mahasiswi Bercadar. diakses 5 Maret

Tolaymat, L. D. & Moradi, B. 2011. U.S. Muslim women and body image: Links among

objectification theory constructs and the hijab. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58.

“French headscarf ban opens rifts”. BBC. 2011.

europe/3478895.stm>, (15.05.2011).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21154/ijougs.v2i1.2638

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


  

View My Stats