Dialectics of Pesantren and Social Community in Cultural Value Transformation

Subakri - Bakri, Rosdee Ibrahim Mangkachi

Abstract


Abstract: Pesantren tends to have an adaptive response towards social changes in community life. This research employed a qualitative approach by using a case study to discern the adaptive strategy of an Islamic boarding school. Then, the data were collected through observations, interviews, and documentaries. Next, they were analyzed using the Miles and Huberman model, namely data collection, condensation, data display, and conclusions drawing simultaneously. Finally, the validity of the data was gained through triangulation. The study results showed that pesantren has actively adapted themselves towards these social demands. Furthermore, it shows that 1) the dialectics of pesantren and social community in transforming cultural values through formal education was done by establishing several formal educations; 2) the dialectics of pesantren and social community in transforming cultural values through non-formal education was done by establishing several non-formal religious-based institutions through pesantren activities.

 

Abstrak: Pesantren dalam kehidupan masyarakat memiliki sikap adaptif terhadap perubahan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif adapun jenis penelitian studi kasus. Penggalian sumber data menggunakan Observasi, wawancara dan dukumenter dan data dianalisi dengan model Miles and Hubermen yaitu pengumpulan data, kondensasi data, penyajian data dan penarikan kesimpulan yang dilakukan bersama. Kemudian keabsahan data menggunakan Triangulasi. Adapun hasil kajian penelitian yaitu pesantren Raudlatul Ulum memiliki sikap adaptif terhadap perubahan yang tergambar sebagai berikut 1.) Dialektika Pondok Pesantren Raudlatul Ulum  dan masyarakat dalam tranformasi nilai budaya melalui Pendidikan formal dengan mendirikan beberapa pendidikan formal. 2) Dialektika Pondok Pesantren Raudlatul Ulum  dan masyarakat dalam tranformasi nilai budaya melalui Pendidikan non formal dengan jalan mendirikan beberapa lembaga non formal yang berbasis keagamaan yang teraktualisasikan melalui aktivitas Pondok Pesantren.

 


Keywords


dialectics; pesantren; social communities; cultural values; cultural transformation.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.21154/cendekia.v1i1.2670

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