Vocabulary Exposure to Islamic Institute Students Through an EFL Coursebook

Dhinuk Puspita Kirana(1*)
(1) IAIN Ponorogo
(*) Corresponding Author
DOI : 10.21154/cendekia.v1i1.3506

Abstract

The importance of vocabulary education in second and foreign language learning cannot be overstated. Teachers face a complex problem in teaching vocabulary because the English language contains hundreds of thousands of words, making it difficult to determine what to teach first. During their first semester at IAIN Ponorogo, students are exposed to English terminology by using a textbook required for English classes. The research aims to answer the following questions. They are 1) what are the coursebook's token types and sizes? (2) how many tokens, types, and word families are introduced in the coursebook? (3) what are the coursebook's vocabulary demands? (3) what vocabulary learning opportunities are offered in the coursebook? This study employed a corpus-based approach, and the analysis was carried out using RANGE, computer software. According to the findings, language learners who followed the coursebook were exposed to about 1,164-word families. Language learners need more vocabulary exposure from other sources to supplement the Nation's recommendation of focusing on the 2,000 most commonly used words.

 

Pentingnya pendidikan kosa kata dalam pembelajaran bahasa kedua dan bahasa asing memang tidak bisa diabaikan. Guru menghadapi masalah yang sulit dalam mengajarkan kosakata karena bahasa Inggris memiliki ratusan ribu kata, sehingga sulit untuk menentukan apa yang harus diajarkan terlebih dahulu. Mahasiswa semester satu di Institut Agama Islam Negeri Ponorogo mendapatkan paparan kosakata bahasa Inggris menggunakan buku teks yang digunakan di jurusan Tardris Bahasa Inggris dan jurusan lain. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menemukan jawaban atas pertanyaan-pertanyaan berikut: 1) Apa jenis dan token buku ajar? (2) Berapa banyak token, jenis, dan keluarga kata yang diperkenalkan dalam buku pelajaran yang diteliti? (3) Apa tuntutan kosakata buku yang diteliti? (3) Kesempatan belajar kosakata apa yang ditawarkan dalam buku pelajaran yang diteliti? Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan RANGE, perangkat lunak komputer. Menurut temuan tersebut, pembelajar bahasa yang mengikuti buku pelajaran tersebut dihadapkan pada sekitar 1,164 keluarga kata. Pembelajar bahasa membutuhkan lebih banyak paparan kosakata dari sumber lain untuk melengkapi rekomendasi Nation untuk berfokus pada 2,000 kata yang paling umum digunakan dalam percakapan sehari-hari.

Keywords


vocabulary; vocabulary exposure; vocabulary learning; EFL; coursebooks

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