Tajrih Maqasidiy For The Placement of Terrorist Convicts in East Java

Autor(s): Dwi Aprilianto, Farida Ulvi Na'imah
DOI: 10.21154/justicia.v18i2.3156

Abstract

Prisons have contributed significantly to the deradicalization process and served as a machine for positive changes for terrorist convicts.  On the other hand, instead of isolating and making terrorist convicts repent, public prison is ideal for spreading radicalism understanding. Public prisons cannot prevent terrorist convicts from disseminating their extreme views. This research answered the pros and cons of placing terrorist convicts in public prisons or special prisons containing kindness, maslahah, and target. This empirical research was processed descriptively. Data collection was conducted through field research in Class I Prison in Surabaya and Class II Prison B in Lamongan through a phenomenological approach, interpretive paradigm, and analysis of Tarjih maqasidiy. This study concluded that the placement of terrorist convicts alongside non-terrorist convicts in public prisons caused more substantial damage (mafsadah arjah) than gathering terrorist convicts in one particular prison by taking the lighter one out of two mafsadah, mafsadah of radical doctrine, recruitment networks, and mafsadah of giving a chance for consolidation to terrorist convicts. This research answered the problem of placing terrorism convicts and formulated an efficient, effective and targeted policy basis for terrorism convicts.

Lembaga pemasyarakatan(Lapas) telah memberikan kontribusi yang signifikan terhadap proses deradikalisasi dan mesin perubahan positif bagi narapidana teroris. Di sisi lain, alih-alih mengisolasi dan membuat narapidana teroris bertobat, penjara umum justru menjadi lokasi ideal untuk menyebarkan paham radikal. penjara umum belum bias menjadi penghalang bagi teroris untuk menyebarkan paham ekstemisme. Penelitian ini akan menjawab tentang pro kontra penempatan narapidana teroris di lapas umum atau lapas khusus yang mengandung maslahah , kebaikan serta tepat  sasaran. Penelitian empiris ini diolah secara deskriptif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui penelitian lapangan di Lapas Kelas I Surabaya dan Lapas Kelas II B Lamongan melalui pendekatan fenomenologis, paradigma interpretif, dan analisis Tarjih{ maqa@s}idiy. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa penempatan narapidana teroris bersama narapidana non-terorisme di Lapas Umum mengandung mafsadah (arjah) yang lebih kuat daripada mengumpulkan narapidana teroris di satu Lapas tertentu dengan mengambil mafsadah antara dua mafsadah, mafsadah doktrin radikal dan jaringan rekrutmen, dan konsolidasi mafsadah antar terpidana terorisme. Penelitian  ini  menjawab problem penempatan narapidana terorisme dan merumuskan  dasar kebijakan yang efisien, efektif dan tepat sasaran bagi narapidana terorisme.

Keywords

tarjih{ maqa@s}idiy; placement; public prison; terrorist convicts

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