Family Expectation and Poverty Alleviation Program: Approaches to Family Development Laws, Sustainable Development Goals, and Maqāṣid Sharīa

Autor(s): Lilis Hidayati Yuli Astutik, Iffatin Nur, Mashuri Mashuri
DOI: 10.21154/justicia.v19i1.3227

Abstract

This research intends to evaluate Family Expectation Program to alleviate poverty through the lens of Population and Family Development Laws, Sustainable Development Goals, and Maqāid Sharīa. Poverty becomes a problem in human life and brings implications for individual and social lives. This condition has made the United Nations initiate the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) program, which among others, aims to alleviate poverty worldwide. As a member country of the United Nations, Indonesia welcomes this initiative by preparing several national poverty alleviation programs, including Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH)/ Conditional Cash Transfer Program. This study used a qualitative research approach with a case study and multi-site design to evaluate this program. Through the study locus in Tulungagung and Trenggalek Regencies, East Java, the results of this study indicate that the PKH program in the two locations is following the objectives of Islamic law, including the protection of religion (hif al- dīn), the protection of human soul and body (hif al-nafs), the protection of wealth (hif al-māl), the protection of mind (intelligence) (hif al-'aql), the protection of lineage (hif al-nasl), and the protection of honor (hif al-'ir). The results of this research hopefully contribute to setting up the poverty alleviation-based -government policies through family development programs to pursue Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) based on the values of maqāid sharīa.

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan evaluasi terhadap Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH) dalam mengentaskan kemiskinan melalui pendekatan Undang-Undang Perkembangan Kependudukan dan Pembangunan Keluarga,  Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), dan maqāid sharīa. Kondisi kemiskinan telah menjadi masalah dalam kehidupan manusia dan berimplikasi terhadap kehidupan individu maupun sosial. Kondisi ini membuat PBB menginisiasi program Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) yang antara lain bertujuan untuk mengentaskan kemiskinan di seluruh dunia. Sebagai salah satu negara anggota PBB, Indonesia menyambut positif inisiasi ini dengan menyiapkan beberapa program pengentasan kemiskinan yang dijalankan secara nasional, antara lain Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH). Sebagai upaya evaluasi Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH) dalam pengentasan kemiskinan, kajian ini merupakan kajian dengan pendekatan penelitian kualitatif dengan jenis studi kasus dan rancangan multisitus. Melalui lokus kajian di Kabupaten Tulungagung dan Trenggalek Provinsi Jawa Timur, hasil kajian ini menunjukkan bahwa program PKH di kedua lokasi tersebut sesuai dengan tujuan syariat Islam antara lain perlindungan terhadap agama (hif al- dīn), jiwa dan raga (hif al-nafs), harta (hif al-māl) , kecerdasan (hif al-'aql), keturunan (hif al-nasl), dan kehormatan (hif al-'ir). Melalui kajian ini, berkontribusi membantu pemerintah dalam perumusan kebijakan yang berorientasi pada pengentasan kemiskinan melalui program pembangunan keluarga sebagai upaya mewujudkan Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) berbasis nilai-nilai maqāid sharīa.

Keywords

Maqāṣid sharia; Family Hope Program; Poverty Alleviation; Sustainable Development Goals

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