Akad al-Ijarah al-Mausufah fi al-Żimmah in Sharia Banking in Aceh: A Study of Homeownership Finance

  • Zubir Zubir Faculty of Sharia, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Langsa
  • Muhazir Muhazir Faculty of Sharia, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Langsa https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7950-8349
  • Zulham Wahyudani Faculty of Sharia, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Langsa
Abstract views: 383 , PDF downloads: 243
Keywords: al-ijarah al-maushufah fi al-zimmah, musyārakah mutanaqisah, homeownership financing contracts

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze the Al-Ijārah Al-Mauṣūfah Fī Al-Żimmah Al-Ijārah Al-Mauṣūfah Fī Al-Żimmah contract model and its application to Islamic Banking. So far, the paradigm that has developed regarding homeownership financing contracts (PPR) is to use Murābahah or Musyārakah Mutanāqisah (MMQ) contracts. In practice, the results of housing built are often not by the previously agreed contract. This is a dilemma for Customers because, on the one hand, the down payment has been given, and the payment process has been carried out. In these conditions, applying the Al-Ijārah Al-Mauṣūfah Fī Al-Żimmah (IMFZ) contract is essential to protect the rights of Customers which have been neglected. The Al-Ijārah Al-Mauṣūfah Fī Al-Żimmah contract requires the cancellation of the contract from the Customer if the reality and the contract made with the Bank do not match. This research is non-doctrinal with a conceptual approach. The conceptual approach is used to analyze theoretically and practically the use of the Al-Ijārah Al-Mauṣūfah Fī Al-Żimmah contract. The study results show that Islamic Banking in Aceh has not used the IMFZ contract. This is because of first, the lack of understanding of the contract from both the Bank and the Customer; second, the tendency of the public and Banks to use Murabaha contracts than other contracts because Murābahah contracts are easier to understand and commonly used, so far; third, Banks and Developers will face more significant risks when using Al-Ijārah Al-Mauṣūfah Fī Al-Żimmah contracts than Murābahah and Musyārakah contracts. The IMFZ contract requires the Bank, Developer, and Customer to collaborate to supervise house construction to avoid default. Using the Al-Ijārah Al-Mauṣūfah Fī Al-Żimmah contract will minimize fraud and gharar committed by the Developer against the Customer. This article contributes to Customers and Banks in maintaining quality in housing finance which Developers often overlook.


 

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Published
2023-01-02
How to Cite
Zubir, Z., Muhazir, M., & Wahyudani, Z. (2023). Akad al-Ijarah al-Mausufah fi al-Żimmah in Sharia Banking in Aceh: A Study of Homeownership Finance. Justicia Islamica, 19(2), 312-330. https://doi.org/10.21154/justicia.v19i2.3653
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