HE USE OF CARD GAME AND TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE (TPR) METHOD TO IMPROVE DEAF STUDENTS’ ENGLISH ACHIEVEMENT AT SLB-B PERTIWI PONOROGO

Septian Eka Pratiwi, Pryla Rochmahwati

Abstract


Deaf students are having challenge in understanding language especially English language as third language. The difficulty of the students is  to understand new vocabulary without the visual media. Besides that, the teacher seldom uses sign language and approaches to every student in teaching-learning process. In order to make students easily in learning English language, Some possible ways should be applied by using card game and one of method by using total physical response (TPR) method. Card game is a tool applied in learning process which helps student to remember new vocabulary by using picture and total physical response (TPR) is teaching method that can be applied to practice student motor activity. This research aimed to improve deaf students’ achievement by using card game and total physical response (TPR) on eleventh grade at SLB Pertiwi Ponorogo. In this research, researcher formulated the problems are: 1) How can card game and total physical response (TPR) improve student’s activeness in English class at SLB Pertiwi Ponorogo?. 2) How can card game and total physical response (TPR) method improve deaf students’ achievement at SLB Pertiwi Ponorogo?. The design of this research was classroom action research. It included two cycles to enrich deaf student English achievement. Each cycle covered four steps: planning, acting, observing and reflecting. The data were collected by observation, interview and documentation and vocabulary test.The result of the research showed that the students improve their achievement in two cycles. Students’ activeness improve significantly at 33,33% to 83,33% at the second cycle. Furthermore, there is improvement at students’ vocabulary mastery 66,67 % first cycle to 100% at second cycle.Based on result of the research, it can be concluded that the implementation of card game and total physical response (TPR) method can improve student’s English achievement.


Keywords


Card Game, Total Physical Response (TPR) Method, and Deaf Students’ English Achievement.

Full Text:

XML

References


Peter Westwood. What Teachers Need Know About Teaching Methods. Australia: ACER Press. 2008.

Douglas Brown. Principles of Language Learning and Teaching. Fifth Edition. San Fransisco : Longman. 2007.

Marc Marschack and Praticia Elizabeth Spencer. The Oxford Handbook of Deaf Studies, Language, and Education. Vol.2. New York : Oxford University Press. 2010.

Jenny Frouded. Making Sense in Sign : A Lifeline for a Deaf Child. Britain : Cromwell press. Ltd. 2003.

Tammy Gallion. Improving Vocabulary Comprehension for Deaf or Hard of Hearing Students. Marshal University Press: Marshal University Scholar. 2016.

Arthur M. Glenberg and Michael P. Kaschak.”The Body’s Contribution To Language”. In The Psychology of Learning and Motivation, ed. Brian H. Ross. United Stated of America : Academic Press. 2003.

Observation at SLB Pertiwi, Ponorogo, on October 10 th 2017.

Marc Marschark, Harry G. Lang and John A. Albertini, Educating Deaf Students from Research to Pratice, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), 166.

Interview with English teacher at SLB Pertiwi, Ponorogo, on February 1 th 2018.

Marc Marschark,et.al., Don’t Assume Deaf Students are Visual Learners , (Online), 2016,(http://crossmark.crossmef.org/dialog/?doi=10.1007/s10882-016-9494-0&domain=pdf, accessed on December 15 th 2017)

Jeremy Harmer, The Practice of English Language Teaching, Third Edition (San Francisco: Longman, 2007), 134-135.

Adrew Wright, David Betterdge and Michael Buckby, Game for Language Learning, Third Edition. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005), 3.

Barry Rigal, Card Game for Dummies (Canada: Willey Publishing Inc, 2005), 1.

Jack C. Richards and Theodore S. Rodgers, Approach and Methods in Language Teaching (United of state America: Cambidge University Press, 1999), 87.

Cantoni, Gina P, Using TPR-Storytelling To Develop Fluency and Literacy in Native American Languages ( US: Educational Resources Information Center (ERIC), 1999), 54.

Susan Gregory, Juliet Bhisop and Lesley Sheldon, Deaf Young People and Their Families: Developing Understanding(New York : Cambridge university Press, 1995), 9.

Marc Marschark, Raising and Educating A Deaf Chlidren (United Stated of America : Oxford University Press, 1997),12.

Jenny Froude, Making Sense in Sign: A Lifeline for a Deaf Child (Britain: Cromwell Press.Ltd, 2003), 26.

Marc Marschark, Harry G. Lang and John A. Albertini, Educating Deaf Students from Research to Pratice, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), 5.

Marschark, Harry G. Lang and John A. Albertini, Educating Deaf Students from Research to Pratice, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002),76.

Lani Florian and John Hegarty, ICT and Special Educational Needs: A Tool for Inclusion (Britain: Open University Press, xii.

Marc Marschark, Harry G. Lang and John A. Albertini, Educating Deaf Students from Research to Pratice, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), x.

Lani Florian and John Hegarty, ICT and Special Educational Needs: A Tool for Inclusion Britain: Open University Press,119.

Douglas Brown, Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, Fifth Edition ( San Fransisco : Longman, 2007), 129.

Marc Marschark,et.al., Don’t Assume Deaf Students are Visual Learners ,(Online), 2016,(http://crossmark.crossmef.org/dialog/?doi=10.1007/s10882-016-9494-0&domain=pdf, accessed on December 15 th 2017)

Jack C. Richards and Theodore S. Rodgers, Approach and Methods in Language Teaching (United of state America: Cambidge University, 1999), 87.

H.Douglas Brown, Teaching by Principles : An Interactive Ap,proach to Language Pedagogy, Second Edition( New York:Addison Wesley Longman Limited,2001 ) 29.

Teaching Children Using a Total Physical Response (TPR) Method: Rethinking (online) Handoyo Puji Widodo.(citeseerx.ist.psu.edu, accessed on December 6 th 2017).

Adrew Wright, David Betterdge and Michael Buckby Game for Language Learning, Third Edition. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2005.

Prof. Dr. H. Wina Sanjaya. M. Pd. Penelitian Tindakan Kelas. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Group. 2009.

Retno Widyaningrum. Statistik Pendidikan. Ponorogo: Stain Ponorogo Press. 2007.

Nining Pujiningsih. “Improving Students’English vocabulary by Using Total Physical Response”. Thesis, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta,2010.

Sahar Ameer Bakhsh, Using Games as a Tool in Teaching Vocabulary to Young Learners, (Online).Vol. 9. No. 7. 2016. (http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/elt.v9n7p120, accessed on December 30th 2017.

Huyen N and Nga K. Learning vocabulary Through Games. Asian EFL Journal. 2003.

Vernon. S. The Benefits of Using Games. Retrived June 20 th 2014. 2009.(http:www.english.com).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21154/eltall.v2i1.2726

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by:

  

_________________________________________________________________